Useful Knots

Safety Note
In any knot the shank (the end of the rope sticking out of the knot) can slip back through the knot under load, untying the knot; this is especially likely in ropes made of artificial fibre, such as climbing ropes.

Figure of Eight Knot

The Figure of Eight Knot

Useful only as a stopper knot (eg, to stop a halyard running through a pulley, or to stop the shank slipping through a knot); stronger than a thumb knot and much easier to undo, especially in wet rope.
End of the rope is required.

Figure of Eight on the Bight

The Figure of Eight on the Bight

The essential climbing knot (stronger than a bowline and easier to tie), it is the strongest, safest loop for all purposes, especially belaying and tieing on. Take a bight (or loop) of rope and tie a Figure of Eight Knot with it.
End of the rope is not required.

Thumb Knot

The Thumb Knot

Useful as a stopper knot (but liable to jam badly, especially in wet rope) but more important for its role in the Tape and Fisherman's Knots.
End of the rope is required.

Fisherman's Knot

The Fisherman's Knot

An excellent knot for joining ropes of equal thickness. Tends to jam under heavy load
End of the rope is required.
Fisherman's Knot Tie a Thumb Knot in the end of rope A; pass rope B through the Thumb Knot in A; tie a Thumb Knot in B around A. Tighten the knots gently and pull the ropes so that the knots slide and lock together.

Tape Knot

The Tape Knot

An essential knot for joining webbing tapes and fishing line; other knots slip or are much weaker under load.
Do not use this knot on rope - it is designed for webbing tape.
End of the rope is required.
Tape Knot Tie a Thumb Knot in the end of tape A; pass tape B through the Thumb Knot in A and follow tape A back through the knot. Tighten the knot gently so that the tapes lie flat and untwisted.

Sheet Bend

The Sheet Bend

Essential for joining ropes of unequal thickness. The Double Sheet Bend is more reliable.
End of the rope is required.

Clove Hitch

The Clove Hitch

A safe, quick-to-tie, easy-to-untie hitch.
End of the rope is not required (if you can put the knot over the end of the post).

Round Turn and Two Half Hitches

The Round Turn and Two Half Hitches

An easy hitch for belaying, most often seen with a boat or horse attached. Notice that the half hitches form a clove hitch on the rope.
End of the rope is required.